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Atlantic City, New Jersey is a city in Atlantic County. Famous for its boardwalk and casino gambling, it is a resort community located on Absecon Island on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. As of the United States 2000 Census, population was 40,517 in the city, and 271,015 in the combined metropolitan area. Other municipalities on the island are Ventnor City, Margate City, and Longport. The main routes into Atlantic City are the Black Horse Pike (US 322/40), White Horse Pike (US 30) and the Atlantic City Expressway. Like all major cities, Atlantic City contains distinct neighborhoods or districts: The North Inlet, The South Inlet, Bungalow Park, the Marina District (also known as Back Maryland), Venice Park

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Atlantic City has always been a resort town. Its location in South Jersey, hugging the Atlantic Ocean between marshlands and islands, presented itself as prime real estate for developers. The city was incorporated in 1854, the same year in which train service began, linking this remote parcel of land with Philadelphia.

In 1870, the first boardwalk was built along a portion of the beach to help hotel owners keep sand out of their lobbies. The idea caught on, and the boardwalk was expanded and modified several times in the following years. The historic length of the boardwalk, before the 1944 hurricane, was about 7 miles and it extended from Atlantic City to Longport, through Ventnor and Margate. Today, it is 4.12 miles long and 60 feet wide, reinforced with steel and concrete. The combined length of the Atlantic City and Ventnor boardwalks is approximately 5.75 miles, currently the world’s longest boardwalk.

In 1882 Ocean Pier, the world’s first oceanside amusement pier, was built in Atlantic City. Its popularity among the vacationing elite from New York City and Philadelphia spawned additional amusement piers, including the Steel Pier (1898) and the Million Dollar Pier (1906), now the site of a shopping mall. During the same period, Atlantic City went through a radical building boom. Many of the modest boarding houses that dotted the boardwalk were replaced with large hotels.

In 1903, Josiah White III bought a parcel of land near Ohio Avenue and the boardwalk and built the Queen Anne style Marlborough House. The hotel was a hit and, in 1905?06, he chose to expand the hotel and bought another parcel of land next door to his Marlborough House. In an effort to make his new hotel a source of conversation, White hired the architectural firm of Price and McLanahan. The firm decided to make use of reinforced concrete, a new building material invented by Jean-Louis Lambot in 1848 (Joseph Monier received the patent in 1867). The hotel?s Spanish and Moorish theme capped off with its signature dome and chimneys represented a step forward from other hotels that had a classically designed influence. White named the new hotel the Blenheim and merged the two hotels into the Marlborough-Blenheim. (More recently, Bally’s Atlantic City was constructed close to this same location.)

Begun in 1879 as a small boarding house, The Traymore Hotel was located at the corner of Illinois Avenue and the boardwalk. By 1914, the hotel?s owner, Daniel White, taking a hint from the Marlborough-Blenheim, commissioned the firm of Price and McLanahan to build an even bigger hotel. Sixteen stories high, the tan brick and gold-capped hotel would become one of the city?s best-known landmarks. The hotel made use of ocean-facing hotel rooms by jutting its wings farther from the main portion of the hotel along Pacific Avenue.

One by one, additional large hotels were constructed along the boardwalk, including the Brighton, Chelsea, Shelburne, Ambassador, Ritz Carlton, Mayflower, Madison House, and the Breakers. The Breakers had snob appeal, for only the highest class of person roomed there and enjoyed its roof top garden lounge. The Quaker-owned Chalfonte House and Haddon Hall opened in the 1890s, would by the twenties merge into the Chalfonte-Haddon Hall Hotel and would become the city’s largest hotel with nearly 1,000 rooms. By 1930, the Claridge, the city’s last large hotel before the casinos, opened its doors. The 400-room Claridge was built by a partnership that included renowned Philadelphia contractor John McShain. At 24 stories, it would become known as the “Skyscraper By The Sea.”

Today, Atlantic City, New Jersey, is one of the world?s favorite destinations. Atlantic City is famous for its magnetic appeal of bright lights, world-class casino gaming, brand name restaurants and star-studded entertainment. It?s no wonder Charles Darrow chose Atlantic City as the setting for his prized game of Monopoly. Atlantic City hosts the world?s first and longest Boardwalk, as well as hotels, shopping venues, salt-water taffy and rolling chairs that make a trip to Atlantic City’s beach a pleasure any time of the year. The exciting night scene adds more flavor and fun to the city’s energetic and sizzling reputation with the opening of new restaurants and nightclubs in the Borgata Casino Hotel & Spa, Tropicana Casino & Resort and the House of Blues in the Showboat. Also, The Pier at Caesars is transforming Atlantic City’s historic New Jersey boardwalk into a world-recognized shopping, dining and entertainment landmarks in America.

Atlantic City has a humid continental climate, but it is almost on the borderline of the humid continental/subtropical climate zones. In the winter, the city does not get as much snowfall as northern New Jersey or inland areas because it is moderated by the ocean. In the summer, Atlantic City gets a sea breeze off the ocean that makes temperatures stay cooler than inland areas.

Downtown (Midtown), Ducktown, Chelsea, and Chelsea Heights.